How are lamp failures and replacement requirements handled in FEDS?
Each lamp and ballast modeled within FEDS has a rated life (specified in hours) associated with it. Actual replacement intervals are calculated within the model based on the light's modeled operating hours (based on utilization factors and occupancy schedules) and rated life of each component. When a lamp or ballast fails, FEDS accounts for the cost to replace the component by figuring both materials and labor requirements. These costs are tallied over the economic study period and reported as the non-annual maintenance cost. FEDS uses the non-annual maintenance cost along with energy and capital costs in determining which fixture can best provide the required level of service at the lowest life-cycle cost.