How are unoccupied periods (of occupied months) modeled?
Unoccupied hours or day types of occupied months are those periods during which there is reduced occupancy of the building. These are referred to as low occupancy periods in FEDS. For a typical commercial facility this might occur during the night and on weekends. A small number of occupants might be present (though less than during normal operating hours), and all energy systems remain active although they may operate at reduced levels. The operation of HVAC, lighting, plug loads, and motors are all controlled by inputs such as thermostat setpoints (enabling temperature setback), ventilation control mode, and utilization/load factors.