What is the difference between distillate and residual oil?
Distillate oil is light fuel oil that has been further refined than heavier oils. Examples include #2 fuel oil and diesel fuel. Residual oil, as its name suggests, is the oil residue that remains after distilling out the lighter grade components. It is generally designated as #4, #5, or #6 fuel oil, is much more viscous than ordinary oils, and must be heated to allow it to flow and be burned.