What do the utilization factors represent?
The utilization factors for lighting represent the portion of time particular lights are on, on average, over the building set. They are expressed as a fraction of the maximum possible load (i.e., 100% of the lights are on 100% of the time) for a given time period. FEDS infers the occupied and unoccupied period utilization factors based on what is typical on average for the lighting technology and use-area type. FEDS typically assumes that some lights are on even during unoccupied times for security, safety, or cleaning staff, or simply because lights were left on. During seasonally unoccupied months and other periods defined as non-operating, utilization factors are set to 0 for all lighting records except for exit lights, which are assumed to operate constantly.